Himachal Pradesh is a state with diversified geography. With the ability to observe every kind of weather and environment, it is often a traveler’s paradise.
Let us begin with the physical location of Himachal Pradesh and the things that influence it-
Himachal is a landlocked state in Northern India, bordered by Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Jammu and Kashmir, and China.
Himachal Pradesh is divided into three geographical zones: plains (parts of district Una, Sirmaur, and partial, other areas in Kangra and district Solan), and Himalayas (ranging from the Shivalik range, the outermost scope of the Himalayas, to the Himadri or Great Himalayas). Numerous river basins flow through both the mountainous and plain regions of Himachal Pradesh.
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Himachal Pradesh also has a broad altitude range, ranging from 550 m to 6000 m on average ( above mean sea level). With elevation change, the sort of flora and plantation that thrives varies as well. Snowfall occurs mainly in the Himachal Pradesh mid ranges (1750m-3500m) during the winter months of December to February. The likelihood of snowfall increases as one’s altitude increases. Second, elevations over 3500m get significant snowfall during the winter season and also get modest snowfall throughout the rest of the year.
In Himachal Pradesh, precipitation (rain) is often moderate to heavy. During the monsoon season, the mid-ranges get medium to high rainfall. The plain area has torrential rain during the monsoon season and gentle rainfall during the rest of the year.
Winters are often longer in the high altitude region, and nights are considerably cooler throughout the year. Whereas on the lowlands, mercury levels may reach as high as 40 degrees (Celcius).
The areas in Himachal Pradesh that get the minor snowfall include
The whole plain region (in Una, Sirmaur, Solan, and parts of Kangra district)
Low mountains (750–1750m), mainly in Solan, Kangra, Mandi, Bilaspur, Una, Hamirpur, and Sirmaur.
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Himachal Pradesh’s low-rainfall areas include the following:
Areas at a high elevation (between 3500–6000m), mostly in Lahaul and Spiti, Kinnaur, Shimla, Kangra, Kullu, Dalhousie, and Sirmaur districts.
Apart from these locations, practically every section of Himachal receives significant rainfall during the monsoon and in patches throughout the year.