Himachal Pradesh has made significant attempts to increase education from the late twentieth century. As a result, the number of primary, secondary, and postsecondary schools has increased dramatically, as has enrolment at all levels. Himachal Pradesh University was the state’s first institution of higher education, established in 1970 in Shimla; it currently includes dozens of linked or related institutions. Other significant tertiary institutions include a medical college in Shimla, an agricultural university in Palampur, an engineering college in Hamirpur, a university of horticulture and forestry in Solan, and an information technology university in the same district. Along with its universities and colleges, Himachal Pradesh is home to many significant research institutions, the most notable of which are the Indian Institute of Advanced Study in Shimla and the Central Research Institute in Kasauli.